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S. P. Adithanar

Adithan was born on 27 September 1905 at Kayamozhi in Tuticorin district to Sivanthi Adithanar Nadar and Kanagam Ammayar as the heir of the Adityans, the highest aristocratic family among the Nelamaikkarars. His father Sivanthi Adithanar was a lawyer. He completed his schooling at Srivaikuntam and joined the St. Joseph's College, Trichy. After obtaining a M. A, he went to Middle Temple, London to study law. He became a Barrister in 1933 and practiced in Singapore (during 1933-42) and later in his home town Srivaikuntam. He married Govindammal in 1933.

Adithan returned to India in 1942 when Singapore fell to the Japanese. He established a Tamil weekly Magazine Tamizhan and a daily newspaper Thanthi in November 1942. He set out to found a Tamil daily along the lines of English tabloid Daily Mirror, inspired by the Mirror's reach of a large audience. He established Dina Thanthi (lit. The Daily Telegraph) and it went on to become the flagship of his newspaper business. He expanded operations by opening additional editions in Tirunelveli, Madras, Salem and Tiruchirapalli in 1940s. By bringing out local editions, Dina Thanthi helped deliver news on the same day to the people in southern districts of Tamil Nadu, who till then had to read one day old newspapers printed in Madras The paper was popular and it was said that people learned to read the Tamil language in order to read the newspaper. The simplified language introduced by the paper helped it gain new readership. Other publications from Adithan's Dina Thanthi group include the evening daily Maalai Murasu (lit. The Evening Drum), the weekly magazine Rani and the monthly novel imprint Rani Muthu

Ayya Nadar

P. Ayya Nadar (1905-1982) was an Indian enterpreneur from the southern city of Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu. He is credited for transforming the small village of Sivakasi into a thriving industrial town. He was the founder of Anil brand (Squirrel) matches, which later turned into Ayya Fireworks, and Ayya Nadar Janaki Ammal College.

He travelled to Calcutta and stayed there for 8 months learning about the match industry. Upon his return to Sivakasi, they started a factory together with machines imported from Germany. In 1926, he established a match industry called Anil (squirrel) brand.

He was the chairman of Sivakasi municipality between 1955 and 1963. Vaippar-Vembakkotai drinking water scheme with a dam in the north of the city was instituted during his tenure, which helped in the expansion of population and industries in the drought-prone town.

F. V. Arul

One of the finest and highly respected police officers in the country, Mr. Arul was born in Yangon (Rangoon) on November 24, 1917. He had his school education in Chennai. Considered a legendary police officer by retired and serving officers, Mr. Arul did his collegiate education in Loyola College and the Madras Christian College, Tambaram.

Belonging to the 1941 batch of the then Imperial Police, Mr. Arul joined as Assistant Superintendent of Police in Narasapattinam sub-division of Visakhapatnam district, Andhra Pradesh. He served as Superintendent of Police in various districts of Tamil Nadu.

He was Deputy Inspector-General of Police in the then Criminal Investigation Department (CID), which comprised the Special Branch and the Crime Branch, and was considered an important unit of the police force.

He was Police Commissioner of Madras for two terms, the first being from 1956 to 1959. Later, he became Inspector-General of Police. He was appointed the Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation in 1968.

While serving in the CBI, Mr. Arul had the rare honour of being the first Indian to become the Vice-President of Interpol. He returned to the State to take over as IG. He retired in 1976. A keen sportsman, Mr. Arul was a hockey player.

K T K Thangamani

K. T. K. Thangamani was a politician from Indian state of Tamil Nadu. He was a senior Communist leader and former State secretary of the Communist Party of India. He was also a prominent trade union leader. He died at the age of 88 on 26 December 2001. He was also a member of Lok Sabha elected from Madurai in 1957.

KTK Thangamani received his higher education in UK. As regards his initiation into the communist party, it was during his stay in UK that he became concious of the labour movements. Then when he traveled to Malaysia and Singapore he came into contact with the Communist party of Malaysia and started to work with the organized labour in Malaysia. That period was his train period.

Then he returned to India in 1947 and settled down in Madurai. Madurai was the place, where he built his Trade Union life. In those days Ramamurthy was one of famous leaders in TN and he also worked under the great S.A. Dange. As regards the unions he led and his associations in the TU movement, he also led the TU movement in TVS and the British owned SRVS. One the main unions he led was the transport workers of TN for whom he got a Industrial Tribunal to award minimum wage.

He led a SRVS strike in 1946. Then as regards the TVS strike in 1948 due to it turning violent he went underground and later arrested and jailed for 4 years to be released in 1952. After his release in 1952 he started work amoung port and dock workers, general industrial workers and textiles , and all in TN as he reached state level and national level by becoming CPI MP from Madurai.

A V Thomas

A. V. Thomas was an Indian politician and former Member of the Legislative Assembly. He was elected to the Tamil Nadu legislative assembly as an Indian National Congress candidate from Radhapuram constituency in 1957 election.

He was also former Member of Parliament elected from Tamil Nadu. He was elected to the Lok Sabha from Srivaikuntam constituency as an Indian National Congress candidate in 1951 election.

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